Hamstrung by a risk averse culture more concerned with brand burnishing than innovation, an outdated problem solving approach from the last century, and an enduring love of brick and mortar demonstrations of largesse, philanthropists have largely missed the monumental new challenges of the 21st Century in which their intervention could play a decisive role for the planet and humanity.

Keeping one’s eyes on the ball is a more difficult task in practice. MOMA collection Howardina Pindell